The Ulster Plantation in the Counties of Armagh and Cavan, 1608–1641
R.J. Hunter1, with a Foreword by David Edwards2, buy The Ulster Plantation online at booksireland.org.uk
Originally written in 1968, Robert Hunter’s seminal study of the Ulster Plantation and its impact on two northern counties is recognised as probably the finest scholarly investigation of the subject ever attempted. Following the Plantation from its inception and introduction after the Flight of the Earls to its eventual overthrow in the Irish rebellion of 1641, Hunter left no stone unturned in his quest to discover the answers to key questions that had long perplexed students of early modern Ireland.
Why had James I persevered with the plantation on such a huge scale, against the advice of the royal government in Dublin? How was the forfeiture and redistribution of millions of acres of Irish land actually achieved? How much resistance did it incite among the Gaelic population and how was this overcome? How stable really was the plantation between 1615 and 1641? How well populated was it? To what extent was the economy of Ulster transformed by the English and Scottish planters who arrived, and what were their relations like with each other, with their Irish neighbours, and with the Dublin, London and Edinburgh authorities?
Drawing upon a wide array of primary sources, many of them rarely used, Hunter lifted the lid on the Plantation as it was actually experienced. Writing with elegant assurance, he showed how developments in Armagh and Cavan both chimed with and deviated from those across the wider province. His mastery of local detail enabled him to detect trends no-one had noticed before and to provide a general overview that paid proper attention to regional variety. For over forty years available only through the library of Trinity College, Dublin, Hunter’s study is published here for the first time. It remains compulsory reading for anyone with a serious interest in Irish history and early modern colonisation.
Ulster Transformed: Essays on Plantation and Print Culture c. 1590–1641
R.J. Hunter1, edited and prepared for publication by John Morrill3, buy Ulster Transformed online at booksireland.org.uk
R.J. Hunter occupied a unique place among historians of early modern Ireland – a highly respected scholar, much loved by his students and fellow academics. This volume brings together a selection of his finest essays: the more significant scholarly works which primarily reflect his interest in the Ulster Plantation and includes articles on the progress of urbanisation and the social and economic impacts of these momentous times. Other essays are case studies of the Plantation in particular areas, through the exploration of the part played by key individuals, and involve a strong sense of material culture and the physicality of cultural engagement. Included in this volume are nineteen essays of substance that Hunter produced over a 40-year period from 1964. They have been arranged thematically rather than chronologically; they cover eight counties in historic pre-partition Ulster. Included also is a cluster of articles on the print trade, focused on Dublin.
‘Men and arms’: The Ulster settlers, c. 1630
Edited by R.J. Hunter1, prepared for publication by John Johnston4, buy Men and arms online at booksireland.org.uk
British planters in early seventeenth-century Ulster were supposed to hold stocks of weapons so that they and their tenants could defend themselves in the event of an Irish uprising. In 1628 the government decided to find out whether the planters were meeting that obligation and what sort of weapons the British settlers in the province possessed. Lieutenant William Graham was appointed muster-master of Ulster in 1628 and from the spring of 1629 to the spring of 1633 he travelled around the province, inspecting the tenants on each planter’s estate and dutifully recording the name of each man and the type of weapon he presented or whether he was unarmed.
The muster roll that Graham produced is the nearest we have to a census of the British population of Ulster before 1650. The muster roll reveals where the 8,000 or so families who settled in Ulster lived, highlights differences in social status and wealth among the settler population, and provides insights into the movement of settlers between the planters’ estates. The information in the muster roll bridges the gap between the reports of the Jacobean commissions and the depositions made by survivors of the 1641 uprising and allows family relationships among the settlers to be tracked across three generations.
Although parts of the muster roll have been published before, there has been no publication of the entire document. Recognising the importance of the muster roll, R.J. Hunter began transcribing the document. Before his death in 2007, he had completed much of the work and had annotated the lists of names with biographical details from other sources, principally from records in the National Archives of Ireland. John Johnston has completed the transcription of the original document, collated Hunter’s notes, and added information from the online transcripts of the 1641 depositions to create a database of British settlers in early seventeenth-century Ulster that will be of interest for historians and genealogists alike.
The Ulster Port Books 1612–15
Edited by R.J. Hunter1, prepared for publication by Brendan Scott5, buy the Ulster Port Books online at booksireland.org.uk
The early seventeenth-century port books for Londonderry, Coleraine, Carrickfergus and the Lecale ports are an underrated source which have been underutilised by historians of the early seventeenth century. As Robert Hunter himself highlighted, they can be used to establish the character of the merchant class of the merging plantation towns and the incipient commercialisation which was one of the characteristics of plantation. They can also be used, as names are gradually identified, to indicate the hinterlands of the Ulster ports, for example, Strabane merchants trading through Derry. The commodities exported illuminate the plantation economy; the enormous range of imports indicates that Ulster participated in the contemporary consumer society. The port books also provide fairly exact information about the places of origin of the ships that traded with Ulster and indicate the size of local Ulster merchant fleets. This edition of Robert Hunter’s transcription of the port books furthers our knowledge and understanding of trade and society during this turbulent period of resettlement.
The Plantation of Ulster: The Story of the English
R.J. Hunter1 (with William J. Roulston6), click here to get the Plantation of Ulster map free from booksireland.org.uk, just pay p&p
This map is a companion to the ‘The Plantation of Ulster: the story of the Scots’ and considers the involvement of the English in the Plantation. It comprises a pocket history of the English engagement in Plantation Ulster with a map of key sites and places to visit to discover at first hand the legacy of English planters in Ulster in the early 1600s. It focuses on a number of Robert’s key research interests – the English undertakers and servitors, the establishment of corporate towns, and trade and commerce, as well as other aspects of the English engagement with Ulster in the early 1600s.
Strabane Barony during the Ulster Plantation 1607–1641
Edited by R.J. Hunter1, buy Strabane Barony online at booksireland.org.uk
The Ulster Plantation of the early seventeenth century was a period of critical importance in the shaping of modern Ulster. However, there have been relatively few studies that have looked in detail at the impact of the Plantation scheme at the local level. Forty years ago a small group, under the leadership of the late Robert J. Hunter, looked firstly at the Plantation of Ulster and then sought out information for this period relating specifically to the barony of Strabane. Chapters in this book look at Strabane in the pre-Plantation era, the background of the Scottish undertakers, the development of the town of Strabane, and the socio-economic conditions prevailing in the early seventeenth century. First published over 30 years ago, this fresh edition presents to a new audience the story of the Plantation in Strabane. It stands as an exemplar of the way in which a professional historian and his students can successfully work together to produce a high-quality publication.